Due to the changing times, most auto manufacturers have begun to develop more eco-friendly vehicles in order to reduce air pollution. It's easier than ever before to find these types of vehicles, and the technology keeps improving!
In addition to improving energy density, solid-state batteries can decrease charging times and lower the risk of overheating in these vehicles. Solid-state batteries replace the liquid electrolyte with solid structure. This ultimately allows ions to be faster in their movement between the anode and the cathode.
There will still be lithium-ion batteries in vehicles in the future, and the technology supporting them is improving. When it comes to lithium-ion batteries, they rely on lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide chemistry with an electrolyte. This is a problem due to the fact that these components can freeze or short circuit and are becoming increasingly hard to obtain. To improve the energy density of these types of batteries, improvements are being made to replace the cobalt and the graphite electrodes. In short, this means that your batteries will be able to hold more energy.
In addition to batteries, motors are also improving. When it comes to automotive research and improving the efficiency of these vehicles, cost, weight, and the efficiency of electric motors are all imperative factors.